Msika Wazodzikongoletsera wa Daimondi, mpikisano pakati pa ukadaulo ndi zachikondi

Ma diamondi opangidwa mwaluso adawonekera kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 1950. Komabe, mpaka posachedwa, mitengo yopanga miyala ya diamondi idayamba kutsika kwambiri poyerekeza ndi mtengo wama diamondi.

Kupita patsogolo kwaposachedwa kwambiri kwasayansi ndi ukadaulo kwachepetsa kwambiri mtengo wopangira ma diamondi opangidwa ndi labotale. Mwambiri, mtengo wolima daimondi ndi wotsika ndi 30% mpaka 40% poyerekeza ndi mtengo wama diamondi. Mpikisanowu, ndani adzapambane komaliza? Kodi ndi diamondi ya migodi yomwe imapangidwa mwachilengedwe pansi, kapena ndikulima kwa diamondi zopangidwa ndi ukadaulo?

Labu yolima diamondi ndi miyala ya migodi imakhala ndi zinthu zofanana, zamankhwala, komanso zowoneka bwino ndipo zimawoneka chimodzimodzi ndi diamondi ya migodi. M'madera otentha kwambiri komanso opanikizika kwambiri, ma labs amapanga ma diamondi kuti atengere njira za miyala ya dayamondi, yomwe imakula kuchokera ku mbewu zazing'ono za diamondi kupita ku diamondi yayikulu. Zimatenga milungu ingapo kuti apange daimondi mu labotale. Ngakhale nthawi yakufukula miyala ya dayamondi ndiyofanana, nthawi yomwe idatenga kupanga ma diamondi mobisa yafika zaka mazana mamiliyoni.

Kulima miyala ya diamondi kumayambirabe kumsika wamalonda wamtengo wapatali.

Malinga ndi malipoti a Morgan Stanley Investment Company, kugulitsa kovuta kwa ma diamondi opangidwa ndi labotale kuyambira pa 75 miliyoni mpaka 220 miliyoni US dollars, yomwe ndi 1% yokha pamisika yapadziko lonse ya miyala ya diamondi. Komabe, pofika chaka cha 2020, Morgan Stanley akuyembekeza kuti malonda opangidwa ndi ma labotale adzakhala 15% pamsika wama diamondi ang'ono (0.18 kapena ochepera) ndi 7.5% ya ma diamondi akulu (0.18-carats ndi pamwambapa).

Kupanga kwa diamondi wolimidwa kulinso kochepa kwambiri pakadali pano. Malinga ndi zomwe Frost & Sullivan Consulting idapanga, kupanga kwa diamondi mu 2014 kunali ma carats 360,000 okha, pomwe kutulutsa ma diamondi anali ma carats mamiliyoni 126. Kampani yolangizira ikuyembekeza kuti kufunikira kwa ogula miyala yamtengo wapatali kudzawonjezera kupanga miyala ya diamondi yomwe idakwezedwa mpaka 20 miliyoni mu 2018, ndipo pofika 2026 idzawonjezeka mpaka ma carats 20 miliyoni.

CARAXY Diamond Technology ndiye mpainiya pamsika wapakhomo wolima diamondi komanso ndi membala woyamba wa IGDA (International Association for the Cultivation of Diamonds) kuchita bizinesi ku China. A Guo Sheng, CEO wa kampaniyo, akuyembekeza kuti mtsogolo msika waulimi wa diamondi udzakula.

Chiyambireni bizinesi mu 2015, malonda a diamondi omwe amapangidwa ndi ma CARAXY apitilira katatu pamalonda apachaka.

CARAXY imatha kulima daimondi yoyera, diamondi wachikaso, diamondi yabuluu ndi diamondi yapinki. Pakadali pano, CARAXY akuyesera kulima daimondi wobiriwira komanso wofiirira. Ma diamondi ambiri omwe amakula labu mumsika waku China ndi ochepera 0.1 carat, koma CARAXY amagulitsa ma diamondi omwe amatha kufikira ma carats asanu oyera, achikasu, abuluu ndi 2-carat diamondi.

Guo Sheng amakhulupirira kuti zomwe zachitika muukadaulo zitha kusokoneza kukula ndi utoto wa daimondi, ndikuchepetsa mtengo wakucheka kwa diamondi, kuti ogula ambiri athe kuwona kukongola kwa diamondi.

Mpikisano pakati pa zachikondi ndi ukadaulo wakula kwambiri. Ogulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali akupitilizabe kudandaula kwa ogula kuti kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa miyala ya dayamondi kwawononga chilengedwe, komanso nkhani zamakhalidwe a "diamondi yamagazi."

Kampani yoyambitsa miyala ya diamondi ku United States ya Diamond Foundry, ikuti malonda ake "ndiodalirika mofanana ndi mfundo zanu." Leonardo DiCaprio (Little Plum), yemwe adasewera mu kanema wa 2006 wa Blood Diamonds, anali m'modzi mwa omwe amagulitsa kampaniyo.

Mu 2015, makampani asanu ndi awiri akuluakulu amigodi padziko lonse lapansi adakhazikitsa DPA (Association of Diamond Manufacturers). Mu 2016, adakhazikitsa kampeni yotchedwa "Real ndiyosowa. Daimondi sapezeka kawirikawiri. ”

Chiphona chachikulu cha daimondi cha De Beers chimakhala gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a malonda apadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo chimphonachi sichikukhulupirira za diamondi zopanga. A Jonathan Kendall, omwe ndi wapampando wa De Beers International Diamond Grading and Research Institute, adati: "Tidafufuza mozama za ogula padziko lonse lapansi ndipo sitinapeze kuti ogula amafuna daimondi yopanga. Iwo ankafuna diamondi zachilengedwe. . ”

 ”Ndikakupatsani diamondi yopanga ndikunena kuti 'Ndimakukondani,' simudzakhudzidwa. Daimondi yopanga ndi yotsika mtengo, yokhumudwitsa, yoti singathe kufotokoza chilichonse, ndipo sichinganene kuti ndimakukondani. ” Kendall anawonjezera Road.

Nicolas Bos, wapampando ndi CEO wa miyala yamtengo wapatali yaku France Van Cleef & Arpels, adati kupanga Van Cleef & Arpels sikudzagwiritsanso ntchito ma diamondi opanga. Nicolas Bos adati mwambo wa Van Cleef & Arpels ndikungogwiritsa ntchito miyala yamtengo wapatali yokhayokha, ndikuti miyezo "yamtengo wapatali" yolimbikitsidwa ndi magulu ogula siomwe labotale imalima daimondi.

Banki yosadziwika yosungitsa ndalama zakunja yomwe imayang'anira kuphatikiza mabungwe ndikupeza zomwe zachitika adati poyankhulana ndi China Daily kuti kusintha kosasintha kwa malingaliro ogwiritsira ntchito anthu ndikuwonongeka pang'onopang'ono kwa chithumwa cha "diamondi chosakhalitsa", ma diamondi opangidwa mwanzeru pitirizani kuwuka. Chifukwa ma diamondi opangidwa mwaluso ndi ma dayamondi achilengedwe amafanana ndendende m'maonekedwe, ogula amakopeka ndi mitengo yotsika mtengo kwambiri ya diamondi yolimidwa.

Komabe, wosungayo akukhulupirira kuti kugwiritsa ntchito miyala ya diamondi kumatha kukhala koyenera kugulitsa, chifukwa kuchepa kwa ma diamondi kumapangitsa mitengo yawo kukwera mosalekeza. Ma diamondi a carat akulu ndi ma diamondi osowa kwambiri akukhala mitima ya anthu olemera ndipo ali ndi phindu lalikulu. Amakhulupirira kuti kulima miyala ya diamondi ndizowonjezera pamsika wogula anthu ambiri.

Kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti kutulutsa kwa ma dayamondi omwe adachera kudzafika pachimake mu 2018 kapena 2019, pambuyo pake kupanga kumachepa pang'onopang'ono.

Kendall akuti kupezeka kwa diamondi kwa De Beers kungathandizenso "zaka makumi angapo", ndikuti ndizovuta kwambiri kupeza mgodi watsopano watsopano wa diamondi.

Guo Sheng akukhulupirira kuti chifukwa cha kukopa kwamakasitomala, msika wa mphete zaukwati ndizovuta kuti ma laboratories alime daimondi, koma monga zovala zamiyala yamiyala yamtengo wapatali ndi mphatso zamtengo wapatali, malonda a diamondi omwe amapangidwa ndi labotale akula mwachangu.

Ngati miyala yamtengo wapatali imagulitsidwa ndi zinthu zachilengedwe m'miyala yamtengo wapatali, kutentha kwamsika kwamitengo yamiyala yokumba kumakhalanso koopsa kwa ogula.

De Beers adayika ndalama zambiri muukadaulo wowunika diamondi. Chida chake chaposachedwa kwambiri choyendera daimondi, AMS2, chidzapezeka mu Juni. Yemwe adalowererapo AMS2 sanathe kupeza miyala ya dayamondi yochepera 0,01 carat, ndipo AMS2 idapangitsa kuti athe kupeza diamondi zazing'ono ngati ma carats pafupifupi 0.003.

Pofuna kusiyanitsa ndi miyala ya dayamondi, zopangidwa ndi CARAXY zonse zimatchedwa kuti zasayansi. Kendall ndi Guo Sheng onse amakhulupirira kuti ndikofunikira kuteteza ndikuwonjezera chidaliro cha ogula pamsika kuti ogula zodzikongoletsera adziwe mtundu wa diamondi womwe akugula pamtengo waukulu.


Post nthawi: Jul-02-2018